Carl joined EIP having completed a PhD in Space Physics at Lancaster University. His primary area of research involved studying artificially created Aurora at a research facility in Norway. Carl’s research included accelerating electrons in the plasma of the Earth’s ionosphere along magnetic field lines using high powered radio waves, and modelling and studying their interaction with atmospheric gases. Carl is the author of four research papers published in a number of Space Physics Journals.
Carl has a first class master's degree in Physics, Astrophysics and Cosmology from Lancaster University where he studied a wide range of subjects including particle physics, lasers and fluid mechanics.
Carl is a UK and European patent attorney with eight years’ experience in intellectual property. Carl qualified as a patent attorney in 2018 and has experience in drafting and prosecuting patent applications in Europe, the UK and worldwide relating to a broad range of technologies including consumer electronics, networked consumer devices, display systems and holography, sustainable packaging, UAV technologies and general mechanical inventions. He has also taken part in a major invention harvesting project which involved him drafting 36 patent applications over several months to coincide with the release of a new consumer device. Carl also has experience in oppositions, and providing infringement and freedom-to-operate advice. Carl regularly counsels clients directly to provide commercially relevant advice.